Porting to arduino's or AVR?hackaday forums about guy who ported some C code for avr (for seeduino mega) originaly ported from k9spud vwcdpic ...
back then I was really bad in arduinos or any coding for mcus, so I was unable to make it work on normal *duino ....
then i find this post of shyd version of emulator
and now i'm less lame so I did it :)
for protocol read shyd post, it preaty explain everything about pulses etc ....
problem of porting avr vwcdpic code to arduino:
- ICP pin need to be accesible
- one 16bit timer (attiny hase 2x8bit timer)
- two timers with CTC (atmega8 does not have ctc)
basicaly external logical change interupt on pin called ICP which is directly "wired" to timer1( ICP as INPUT CAPTURE PIN), this pin is not wired on ATMEGA arduino boards (mega1280 and 2560). This is why guy on hackaday use seeduino...
On normal arduino duemilanove or UNO is ICP1 on digital pin 8, so this will work perfectly on duemilanove/uno and also old atmega8 chips.
Also its posible to reprogram code to use standard INTx interupr as I use in attinyx5 version of this code.
16bit timerthis timer is used to measuring pulses length of data send by head unit, more in post here and here.
In original code is set to tick every 0.5us, its 16bit timer, max value of 65536 which corespod to 32000something ms ~ 32second, which is fine, perfect resolution, we can surely set input buffer to zero if this timer overflow (no logical change on ICP pin for 32 seconds...)
but if we have 8bit timer like in attiny85 (255tics to overflow which is 128us if I'm not mistaken) and want to have same resolution as with 16bit timer, to avoid recalculation of tics per pulse.... we must catch overflows and count them, then just calculate pulse lenght as 255*overflows+actual timer
2 timers for timing output packetsnext challenge was timing for output to head unit, lets call it packet of 8 bytes, with this timing:
50ms between pakets
at last 700us between bytes in packets (in vwcdpic is note that same head units cant store it if timing was 350us, in some other sources on net, timing is 874us ... but 700us works for me...)
in original code timer0 and timer2 are 8bit timers, in original code used for:
- 700us timing between bytes
- 50ms timing between packets and to cound seconds ... (20x50ms = 1000ms = 1s)
this is no problem on atmega168/328 but its problem on atmega8 and attiny85
atmega8 has no compare register for timer0, attiny85 hase just two 8bit timers/counters
Timer0 on atmega8
atmega has timer0 without CTC mode, no compare possible , so we must make it work other way around, we have overflow:
- so I set OVF bit to allow execution of OVF runtime routine
- set timer to 4us tics, this make it overflow each 1024us
- initialize timer with value of 6 which make it overflow after 1000us
- in overflow routine timer is initialize with 6 to overflow again after 1000us
Attiny85 and two 8-bit timers
timer1 is used for input capture with combination on int0 external interrupt and counting overflows... no big deal
timer0 must be used to timing of 1ms tics for seconds count and for output packets timing, so what I did was really easy, and I go to rewrite all code also for atmegax chips to use it. I set timer to tic every 1us, set compare register to be 100, so its fire compare routine every 100us. In this routine I do counting, 50 count to make original code happy ...
and to count to 7 or to 50 to make output packets timing work ...
second timing for output packets is set directly in code which handle sending packet, if it reach end, it will set 50 to wait 50ms between packets, if it just sent less then eirhts byte it set 7, so next byte is flush out after 7 overflows of timer0 = 700us
Output to headunitoutput to head-unit is SPI, it's nothing new, but this didn't work for 16Mhz arduinos (simply it's to fast), so software handling of this is used. I like crystal version more over internal RC oscillators becose this is in car application where external crystal should by better, but I do not test or read any paper on this, so correct me please if I'm wrong.
also attiny has no SPI dedicated pins, it it's capable of use some internal magic to have SPI by HW but it use pin which is also INT0, and this we need... so using software here is only option
Original vwcdpic used 9600bauds serial communication for PJRC player, which I do not know if it is around anymore, but it was also in avr code, so I leave it there just make it fully backward compatible, with "in compile time" configurable #define PJRC, becose this make emulator constantly send "mode" on serial line, which may toggle "mode" on mpd each second or so ...
also add option to support shyd version of serial communicaton to control mpd over serial with mpc and python, and receive info from mpd like mode, disc and track number. This is configurable in compile time with uncommenting #define DISC_TRACK_NUMBER_FROM_MPD, #define JUST_HEX_TO_SERIAL and commenting out #define PJRC
attiny85 use TinyDebugSerial library which is oneway library but it didn't use any timer, so I can use both(timers).
Mpd controlI made some changes of shyd python script to control mpd both with just hex and pjrc commands , this are on github. Also mpd_control_vwcdpic.py should support original pic version of vwcdpic, but I have no time to check it.
I make this pythons script handle next/previos CD which are send (as I know) only from audi chorus 1 with enabled CD input and audi concert 1.
video of all of this is here:
how to wire it?arduino duemilanove/uno or atmega8
RADIO PIN -> arduino pin (chip pin) <- computer
DataOut -> digital 8 (14)
DataIn -> digital 13 (19)
Clock -> digital 12 (18)
digital 0 (2) <------------ serial TX
digital 1 (3) <------------ serial Rx
RADIO PIN -> attiny pin <- computer
DataOut -> 7
DataIn -> 6
Clock -> 5
2 <------------- serial RX
FutureBluetooth... clearly, I made it here, with blk-md-spk-b module, but it has problem handling calls, so I ordered xs3868 and made kicad module and library. So next to make some breakout boards and try it.
BM20 it will be ;)
Linksarduino,atmegaX8,atmega8 port of k9spud vwcdpic
port of k9spud vwcdpic with two 8-bit timers (attiny85)